“Reduce, Reuse, And Recycle” T-shirt Pillow
Supplies: Scissor, some old soft clothes, Iron (iron on transfer paper), Batting, Fabric glue or sewing
Step-1: Find one of your child’s outgrown T-shirts. Wash and dry.
Step-2: Choose the appropriate iron-on image and the type of iron-on transfer paper based on the colour of your fabric. For dark-coloured fabrics, print the non-reversed iron-on onto transfer paper for dark clothing. The image is ironed onto the fabric face up. For lighter fabrics, print the reverse image iron-on onto transfer paper for light clothing. The image is ironed facedown onto the fabric. Cut out the iron-on image and iron it onto the centre of the T-shirt using the transfer paper’s instructions.
Step-3: Seal the bottom of the T-shirt and the edges of the sleeves with fabric glue. Let dry. If the front and back of the neck opening are at different heights, cut along the lower line so the front and back have identically curved edges to glue or sew together.
Step-4: Stuff the pillow through the neck opening with batting or old, soft clothes that you think would fit in.
Step-5: Once the “pillow” is pumped up, seal the neck opening with fabric glue or sew together.
The formation of a stitch begins when the needle penetrates the fabric and descends to its lowest point. The bobbin hook then slides by the needles scarf, catching the upper thread, and carries it around the bobbin and bobbin thread. The thread is then pulled up into the fabric and completing the stitch. Sewing machine manufacturers want their machines to consistently produce a perfect stitch, so the needle’s configuration is engineered to manage thread and fabric to reduce skipped stitches. Each needle type produces a stitch by sewing a uniquely designed groove, scarf, eye and/point to enable the needle and bobbin hook to meet perfectly.
Even in the dawn of history, the instinct of self-preservation urged man to make tools, weapons, build dwellings, unveil the secret of fire and last but not least make clothes. It is quite conceivable that, even in those days, the clothes were joined together or closed with bone awls. These awls may have also been used for pre-stitching when sinews, bast fibres or leather strips were pulled through the “sewing material”. Thus, awls (fig. 001) can be regarded as the origin of brooches, pins, safety pins and finally of sewing machine needles.
28000 BC A development of the awl is made in Aurignacia. This results in the oldest known sewing needle. This does not have an eye but a split head instead. The thread (sinew, bast, intestine etc.) was squeezed into this slot and then used for “sewing” (fig. 002).
17500 BC The first needles with eyes emerge (fig. 003), the eyes are drilled into the bone, horn or ivory splinters with fine fragments of flint. Some of the needles have been kund in tubular holders which served as needle holders.
The shape of these needles will prove to remain unchanged throughout the ages.